The Tower of Hanoi (also referred to as the Tower of Brahma) was invented by the French mathematician Edouard Lucas in 1883. He was inspired by a legend that tells of a Hindu temple where the pyramid puzzle was used for the mental challenge of young priests.
Edouard Lucas died in unusual circumstances. At the banquet of the annual congress of the Association francaise pour l'avancement des sciences a waiter dropped some crockery and a piece of broken plate cut Lucas on the cheek.
He died a few days later of a severe skin inflammation probably caused by septicemia. Lucas was only 49 years old when he died.
The objective of the game is to move a stack of disks from the left-most pole to the right-most in the least amount of moves, the catch being a smaller disk must always be stacked on top of a larger disk, and never the other way around. You may only move one disk at any time.
Depending on the number of disks, this can become very challenging.